A lawyer is "a person learned in the law; as an
attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to
practice law." Law is the system of rules of conduct
established by the government of a society to maintain
stability and justice. Working as a lawyer represents the
practical application of legal theory and knowledge to
solve real problems or to advance the interests of those
who retain lawyers for legal services.
The role of the lawyer varies significantly across legal
jurisdictions, and thus can be treated here in only the most
So what does a lawyer
- Interpret laws, rulings and regulations for individuals
- Study Constitution, statutes, decisions, regulations,
and ordinances of quasi-judicial bodies to determine
ramifications for cases.
- Advise clients concerning business transactions, claim
liability, advisability of prosecuting or defending
lawsuits, or legal rights and obligations.
- Present and summarize cases to judges and juries.
- Prepare legal briefs and opinions, and file appeals in
state and federal courts of appeal.
- Evaluate findings and develop strategies and arguments
in preparation for presentation of cases.
- Analyze the probable outcomes of cases, using knowledge
of legal precedents.
- Act as agent, trustee, guardian, or executor for
businesses or individuals.
- Gather evidence to formulate defense or to initiate
legal actions, by such means as interviewing clients and
witnesses to ascertain the facts of a case.
- Represent clients in court or before government
- Examine legal data to determine advisability of
defending or prosecuting lawsuit.
- Select jurors, argue motions, meet with judges and
question witnesses during the course of a trial.
- Present evidence to defend clients or prosecute
defendants in criminal or civil litigation.
- Prepare and draft legal documents, such as wills,
deeds, patent applications, mortgages, leases, and
- Negotiate settlements of civil disputes.
- Confer with colleagues with specialties in appropriate
areas of legal issue to establish and verify bases for
- Perform administrative and management functions related
to the practice of law.
- Help develop federal and state programs, draft and
interpret laws and legislation, and establish enforcement